Suresh Limbachiya

Librarian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .“ Knowledge is Totally Free at the Library. Just Bring Your Own Container ”

Consequence of ICT in education and literacy – an Idea

Posted by Suresh Limbachiya on 26/01/2010

Definition

Information and communication technology (ICT) is manage the knowledge to illustrate a range of technologies for gathering, storing, retrieving, processing, analyzing and transmitting information by the computer. In the common usage it is frequently assumed that ICT is identical with IT (Information Technology). ICT in fact cover any medium to record information as magnetic disk, optical disks, flash memory, internet, etc. and maybe also paper records. Technology for communicating through voice and sound or images – microphone, camera, loudspeaker, telephone to cellular phones. I think it is major technology for exploitation and communication of knowledge base information.

 History

A history of information technology and systems has four basic periods characterized by a principal technology used to solve the input, processing, output and communication evils of the time (1) Premechanical – 3000 B.C. – 1450 A.D. (2) Mechanical – 1450 – 1840 (3) Electromechanical – 1840 – 1940 and (4) Electronic – 1940 – present. Thus, present scenarios are very progressive for information technology as well as upcoming time. We heard day to day new researches are going on IT.

 Why ICT?

With the beginning of the internet, the World Wide Web and E-mail, the field of information technology has been extended to ICT (Information and Communication Technology). ICT has provided a unique ability to distribute and access the information. Few organizations can exist or increase without leveraging ICT. However, while we enjoy the fruit of numerable successful uses of ICT, like other modernization pressure and opportunities are encountered along the way, which may not have formerly been predictable.

Function of ICT

Information and communication technology has a role in the learning and teaching method as a teaching tool. This role is of less significance than the potential of ICT to enhance the inquiry and problem solving processes, and should be transparent to the learner in much the same as the whiteboard or chalk.

Movement on ICT

As movement for ICT was started earlier, but it is not progressive because there are certain reason for same as IT section is not got fulfill approval from government side. But day to day information technology in December 2000 to advanced social movement in the field of ICT. It works on promoting gender equality through ICT, and also supports the women’s electronic network training  of the Asian women’s resource exchange. WENT offers an annual workshop on electronic networking, open to women and organizations, which help to build skills in women’s organizations and networks in Asia.

 Movement for ICT in United Nations

In 2001 the United Nations Information and Communication Technologies Task Force was formed to address a variety of ICT4D topics. The task force held semi-annual meetings focusing on specific themes, including a global forum on internet domination; a global forum on an enabling environment; and a global forum on harnessing the potential of ICT in education. A new group, called the global alliance for ICT and development. In November 2002, UN Secretary Kofi Annan issued a call for Silicon Valley to create the computers and communications systems that would enable villages to several generations of technology and enter the information age directly.

ICT in India

India has made large strides in recent time on national ICT policy. India is frequently reforming to try to maintain the growth and success India has already achieved. India has taken major steps since 1988 when a world market policy was developed. India has continually focused on software development for export, telecommunications policy reform and the privatization of the phone companies. While many of their policies are enlightened and fostering environments that would allow for more ICT investment India still have many other problems with ICT impulse. India carries a great difference between users of ICT. There is a social divide between many of the classes. Their old methods have not been completely washed away. Many people still believe in the caste system and treat others based on their caste. These problems lead to a more closed off climate where ICT can not increase as greatly. India has long been tied down by government regulation. Recent liberalization of key industries has let market forces take action and quick change has proceeded in the ICT scenery of India. Throughout the change there have been published policies on the national level. India has made attempts to bring about more ICT relations with the people through E-government. Allowing Indian citizens to use the internet to perform tasks like getting and submitting forms. There have been case studies done on the benefits of E-government in India using the computerization of land records etc.

 Potency and limitation of ICT in India

India has recently become a source of power in technology. It has brought about change in fast way trying to catch up to countries like the US. India has made many changes to policy since it was independence. India is looked at in a new light as a source of software capability. Outstanding technologies parks help support the strength of India’s technology setting. The policy changes have helped affect a brighter future for ICT in India. The continued high status of India’s education has allowed for the development of a highly capable staff. The government has made great strides in interact with citizens using ICT. ICT production in India has greater than before very significantly. Software export has become one of main business. We have seen a large flow of an ICT culture in India. Most teens have cell phones. The vertical size of the ICT market in India has a lot of upside potential.

 There have been many problems that have come along with these great developments. India has been flooded with corruption. It stems far and wide and is fairly difficult to control. It has created problems for E-government interface with citizens. The infrastructure has also caused a divide between the rich and the poor. This is also bolstered by the caste system which is still taken to heart by some in India. Political feuds still run their course causing development to slow down. Privacy is still uncontrolled because of unsuitable enforcement of copyright laws. Many of these factors create prevent individuals from wanting to invest in India, but the trade off for the low costs hasn’t stopped them.

ICT in education

Education plays a vital role in the process of economic development with connects to information and communication technology. Besides being involved in development, it is also an end in itself because it helps people lead better lives. This is where computer- enabled education can accompaniment the teacher in the classroom. Besides, digital library, audio visual room, internet access and the Internet can help enhance and widen the learning process. A school is an ideal location for a Tele Info Centre (TIC) because it is already seen as a support of knowledge. The TIC can be located at every primary and secondary school. During school hours, the computers are used to complement the teacher in providing IT and IT-enabled education to the students. After school hours, the center can provide community services, some of which can be priced. This approach has multiple benefits: · Computers will attract students to schools. As has been said: “You bring computers into schools so that you bring children to schools.” · During school hours, the multiple computers in the TIC become educational terminals for the children, complementing the teacher.

 ICT in Library

Recent librarianship is based not only on service oriented and co-operation models, but also strongly high and dry in the educational model of academic world. Education missions of libraries were born in the early seventies and became even more important in the period of new information and communication technologies through librarians active participation in information and communication literacy processes. Knowledge and assessment of information sources, and the ability to use modern apparatus to find and present information. Proper use of   information literacy can only be achieved through a control of the above skills along with and a considerate of the stipulation of having and finding information. Those educated in information and communication technologies are called information literate students. These are people that are able to judge the quality of information identifies when and how they need information. Recently library provided lot off information through ICT as e-library, online information, internet access, online indexing, CD database, online cataloguing, etc.

ICT in 21st centenary in India

TERI is serving the rural population of about 90 villages, catering to their need for quality information and services. Information is provided to people, who are largely known as ‘information have-nots; the project has undertaken a small step to bridge the ‘digital divide’. The aims of project  is : -Bringing together on one common platform, indigenous knowledge that could contribute to the overall development of the area and Put into practice, a digitized process for collection, collation, and dissemination of knowledge.

Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology, usually abbreviated to DAIICT, is an educational institution situated in Gandhinagar. DAIICT was established in 2001 and the institute is research-oriented, has very good faculty in the areas of information technology.

Dynamic ahead ICT research co-operation between Europe and India and the delegation of the European commission to India, in co-operation with the department of science and technology of the Government of India are organizing a road show in India in July 2008 to promote the 2008 call for proposals launched. The Euro-India ICT co-operation project has three key objectives are (1) to systematically map the ICT RTD competencies’ of India,(2) to support EU-India policy dialogue using the data generated and (3)to disseminate European funding opportunities for Indian ICT.

The National Foundation of India, a nonprofit foundation in India initially offered the village women from the Western state of Gujarat’s underdeveloped region called Kutch to bring out their own newsletter called Ujjas with the help of Kutch mahila vikas sangathan.

India’s drought-prone state Rajasthan, innovative software called “Jal Chitra” is being used by the villagers to identify water-resources in the desert.

Conclusion

India presents a good example of the applications of information and communication technology (ICT) for other developing countries. Presents case studies of three state-sponsored and two corporate initiatives in India dealing with ICT applications in the e-governance project, the online ticket booking facility, online student counseling in education, and telemedicine at Apollo Hospitals. Concludes with recommendations on policy aspects to be considered by other developing countries. Information technology together with communication technology has made life easier on us people. It bridges the communication gaps; it gives rise to more job opportunities. It makes process work faster etc. Information and communication technology simplifies of lives, they help make living a little improved.

(Published in Granthalok Magazine)

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