Suresh Limbachiya

Librarian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .“ Knowledge is Totally Free at the Library. Just Bring Your Own Container ”

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The Importance of Book Reading

Posted by Suresh Limbachiya on 10/01/2014

          In this fast and techno-savvy world, the time for personal recreation has almost come to a standstill. Though at the end of a working day, some people manage to steal a few moments for some sort of relaxation, majority are making their schedules for the next day. The world has made tremendous developments in all the fields and India is not lagging far behind. For the progress of our country, we need to prepare our younger generation to the fullest. The first and foremost is to read. The joy of reading books can’t be described in words. It is something that one can understand only by actual experience.        There is much more to life than our work and spending time aimlessly with latest technology products.

             Reading books gives us that much needed break from the chaos in our life. It instills peace inside us, makes us relaxed and also exercises our brain in the process. A man is happy when he acquires the art of reading at an early age. With books a person is never lonely or bored. He is the possessor of wealth more precious than gold. Ruskin Bond, the famous writer calls books ‘’Kings’ Treasures”- treasuries filled, not with gold and silver and precious stones, but with riches much more valuable than these- knowledge, noble thoughts and high ideals.

          But the future generation appears to be going from the oral to the digital culture skipping all the process of reading and writing. Reading does not just happen. It needs to be inculcated from a very young age and as the child grows this habit will increase and bring out the potential reader in him.

            For this matter the libraries play an important role in the society. Besides providing study materials the library contains many other sources of information which are invaluable to the young students based on the individual’s tastes. Teachers must encourage the students to read many books in their free time and the class time table should include a reading class where the students go to the library and read the books of their choice. Reading fires the imagination of the child. It encourages quick learning, widening imagination, curiosity and knowing new people and places. But care must be taken to ensure that whatever the child is reading is relevant or not. Reading the wrong kind of book meant for the adults can have an adverse effect in the mind of the child.

             In the school, the librarian plays an important role. The librarian is a resource person and forms a communicating link between the teachers and the students. Teachers can give the list of suggestions to the librarian and the librarian can distribute questionnaires to the students to know of their requirements.

             Likewise parents should encourage their children to develop the reading of story books and other informative books so as to broaden their knowledge. Instead of allowing their children be a couch potato with eyes glued to the television set watching unnecessary programs, they can be given books of their liking which will not only help in enhancing their knowledge but also help in learning new words and vocabulary. During birthdays and other parties of children, gifting them story books, coloring books, reference books, etc. can be helpful to the child and broaden his knowledge. Inculcating the importance of visiting a library and showing the habit of reading books in a very early age of a child can be very beneficial to the intellectual growth of a child.     

               Reading broadens the mind, helps us know about the beautiful world that we all are living in, and helps us to know and imagine the living habits, food habits, and culture and customs of people living in the different parts of the world. It not only enables the mind to think over objects of interests, which enable a person in making decisions, its food for the soul, but also nourishes the human intellect in probing things deeper, analyzing things, and provides guidance to people, to instances they have not been exposed in life. Reading is really like taking a flight to high altitudes in search of information and knowledge. Children who start reading at an early age are observed to have a good command over the language. The habit of reading also helps the reader to decipher new works and phrases that they come to in everyday conversation. Reading also helps in stimulating the mind by erasing the stress and strain of everyday life as well as stimulating the muscles of the eyes. Books are the mirror of the society because it tells us about our graceful past and conditions of the society. Reading not only has tremendous power when it comes to fueling the development of all aspects of language ability, its importance to the entirety of a human life in this day and age really can’t be overstated.

               But to read nothing but fiction is like eating nothing but sweets and cakes. As we need plain wholesome food for the body, so we must have serious reading for the mind. And for this we can choose according to our taste. Some books can be read simply for pleasure and amusements- for example good novels. But there are many noble books on history, biography, religion, travel and science which will not only gives us pleasure but also an education. People should read good poetry also as it give as noble thoughts and beautiful imaginations.

              A quote rightfully said, “A reader lives a thousand lives before he dies, says Jojen. The man who never reads lives only one.

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Changing the role of School Library

Posted by Suresh Limbachiya on 26/01/2010

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Consequence of ICT in education and literacy – an Idea

Posted by Suresh Limbachiya on 26/01/2010

Definition

Information and communication technology (ICT) is manage the knowledge to illustrate a range of technologies for gathering, storing, retrieving, processing, analyzing and transmitting information by the computer. In the common usage it is frequently assumed that ICT is identical with IT (Information Technology). ICT in fact cover any medium to record information as magnetic disk, optical disks, flash memory, internet, etc. and maybe also paper records. Technology for communicating through voice and sound or images – microphone, camera, loudspeaker, telephone to cellular phones. I think it is major technology for exploitation and communication of knowledge base information.

 History

A history of information technology and systems has four basic periods characterized by a principal technology used to solve the input, processing, output and communication evils of the time (1) Premechanical – 3000 B.C. – 1450 A.D. (2) Mechanical – 1450 – 1840 (3) Electromechanical – 1840 – 1940 and (4) Electronic – 1940 – present. Thus, present scenarios are very progressive for information technology as well as upcoming time. We heard day to day new researches are going on IT.

 Why ICT?

With the beginning of the internet, the World Wide Web and E-mail, the field of information technology has been extended to ICT (Information and Communication Technology). ICT has provided a unique ability to distribute and access the information. Few organizations can exist or increase without leveraging ICT. However, while we enjoy the fruit of numerable successful uses of ICT, like other modernization pressure and opportunities are encountered along the way, which may not have formerly been predictable.

Function of ICT

Information and communication technology has a role in the learning and teaching method as a teaching tool. This role is of less significance than the potential of ICT to enhance the inquiry and problem solving processes, and should be transparent to the learner in much the same as the whiteboard or chalk.

Movement on ICT

As movement for ICT was started earlier, but it is not progressive because there are certain reason for same as IT section is not got fulfill approval from government side. But day to day information technology in December 2000 to advanced social movement in the field of ICT. It works on promoting gender equality through ICT, and also supports the women’s electronic network training  of the Asian women’s resource exchange. WENT offers an annual workshop on electronic networking, open to women and organizations, which help to build skills in women’s organizations and networks in Asia.

 Movement for ICT in United Nations

In 2001 the United Nations Information and Communication Technologies Task Force was formed to address a variety of ICT4D topics. The task force held semi-annual meetings focusing on specific themes, including a global forum on internet domination; a global forum on an enabling environment; and a global forum on harnessing the potential of ICT in education. A new group, called the global alliance for ICT and development. In November 2002, UN Secretary Kofi Annan issued a call for Silicon Valley to create the computers and communications systems that would enable villages to several generations of technology and enter the information age directly.

ICT in India

India has made large strides in recent time on national ICT policy. India is frequently reforming to try to maintain the growth and success India has already achieved. India has taken major steps since 1988 when a world market policy was developed. India has continually focused on software development for export, telecommunications policy reform and the privatization of the phone companies. While many of their policies are enlightened and fostering environments that would allow for more ICT investment India still have many other problems with ICT impulse. India carries a great difference between users of ICT. There is a social divide between many of the classes. Their old methods have not been completely washed away. Many people still believe in the caste system and treat others based on their caste. These problems lead to a more closed off climate where ICT can not increase as greatly. India has long been tied down by government regulation. Recent liberalization of key industries has let market forces take action and quick change has proceeded in the ICT scenery of India. Throughout the change there have been published policies on the national level. India has made attempts to bring about more ICT relations with the people through E-government. Allowing Indian citizens to use the internet to perform tasks like getting and submitting forms. There have been case studies done on the benefits of E-government in India using the computerization of land records etc.

 Potency and limitation of ICT in India

India has recently become a source of power in technology. It has brought about change in fast way trying to catch up to countries like the US. India has made many changes to policy since it was independence. India is looked at in a new light as a source of software capability. Outstanding technologies parks help support the strength of India’s technology setting. The policy changes have helped affect a brighter future for ICT in India. The continued high status of India’s education has allowed for the development of a highly capable staff. The government has made great strides in interact with citizens using ICT. ICT production in India has greater than before very significantly. Software export has become one of main business. We have seen a large flow of an ICT culture in India. Most teens have cell phones. The vertical size of the ICT market in India has a lot of upside potential.

 There have been many problems that have come along with these great developments. India has been flooded with corruption. It stems far and wide and is fairly difficult to control. It has created problems for E-government interface with citizens. The infrastructure has also caused a divide between the rich and the poor. This is also bolstered by the caste system which is still taken to heart by some in India. Political feuds still run their course causing development to slow down. Privacy is still uncontrolled because of unsuitable enforcement of copyright laws. Many of these factors create prevent individuals from wanting to invest in India, but the trade off for the low costs hasn’t stopped them.

ICT in education

Education plays a vital role in the process of economic development with connects to information and communication technology. Besides being involved in development, it is also an end in itself because it helps people lead better lives. This is where computer- enabled education can accompaniment the teacher in the classroom. Besides, digital library, audio visual room, internet access and the Internet can help enhance and widen the learning process. A school is an ideal location for a Tele Info Centre (TIC) because it is already seen as a support of knowledge. The TIC can be located at every primary and secondary school. During school hours, the computers are used to complement the teacher in providing IT and IT-enabled education to the students. After school hours, the center can provide community services, some of which can be priced. This approach has multiple benefits: · Computers will attract students to schools. As has been said: “You bring computers into schools so that you bring children to schools.” · During school hours, the multiple computers in the TIC become educational terminals for the children, complementing the teacher.

 ICT in Library

Recent librarianship is based not only on service oriented and co-operation models, but also strongly high and dry in the educational model of academic world. Education missions of libraries were born in the early seventies and became even more important in the period of new information and communication technologies through librarians active participation in information and communication literacy processes. Knowledge and assessment of information sources, and the ability to use modern apparatus to find and present information. Proper use of   information literacy can only be achieved through a control of the above skills along with and a considerate of the stipulation of having and finding information. Those educated in information and communication technologies are called information literate students. These are people that are able to judge the quality of information identifies when and how they need information. Recently library provided lot off information through ICT as e-library, online information, internet access, online indexing, CD database, online cataloguing, etc.

ICT in 21st centenary in India

TERI is serving the rural population of about 90 villages, catering to their need for quality information and services. Information is provided to people, who are largely known as ‘information have-nots; the project has undertaken a small step to bridge the ‘digital divide’. The aims of project  is : -Bringing together on one common platform, indigenous knowledge that could contribute to the overall development of the area and Put into practice, a digitized process for collection, collation, and dissemination of knowledge.

Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology, usually abbreviated to DAIICT, is an educational institution situated in Gandhinagar. DAIICT was established in 2001 and the institute is research-oriented, has very good faculty in the areas of information technology.

Dynamic ahead ICT research co-operation between Europe and India and the delegation of the European commission to India, in co-operation with the department of science and technology of the Government of India are organizing a road show in India in July 2008 to promote the 2008 call for proposals launched. The Euro-India ICT co-operation project has three key objectives are (1) to systematically map the ICT RTD competencies’ of India,(2) to support EU-India policy dialogue using the data generated and (3)to disseminate European funding opportunities for Indian ICT.

The National Foundation of India, a nonprofit foundation in India initially offered the village women from the Western state of Gujarat’s underdeveloped region called Kutch to bring out their own newsletter called Ujjas with the help of Kutch mahila vikas sangathan.

India’s drought-prone state Rajasthan, innovative software called “Jal Chitra” is being used by the villagers to identify water-resources in the desert.

Conclusion

India presents a good example of the applications of information and communication technology (ICT) for other developing countries. Presents case studies of three state-sponsored and two corporate initiatives in India dealing with ICT applications in the e-governance project, the online ticket booking facility, online student counseling in education, and telemedicine at Apollo Hospitals. Concludes with recommendations on policy aspects to be considered by other developing countries. Information technology together with communication technology has made life easier on us people. It bridges the communication gaps; it gives rise to more job opportunities. It makes process work faster etc. Information and communication technology simplifies of lives, they help make living a little improved.

(Published in Granthalok Magazine)

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Outsourcing for Library and Information Services: An Idea

Posted by Suresh Limbachiya on 26/01/2010

Harvard Business Review has identified outsourcing as one of the most important management ideas and practices of the past 75 years. So, what is outsourcing?

Outsourcing means to source from outside or in other words getting another person or organisation to provide a service on a contractual basis.

 History of library outsourcing

One of the first organisations to outsource work was the library. Since the Industrial Revolution, companies have grappled with how they can exploit their competitive advantage to increase their markets and their profits. The idea of outsourcing has its roots in the ‘competitive advantage’ theory propagated by Adam Smith in his book ‘The Wealth of Nations’ which was published in the year 1776. This outsourcing process is beneficial to both the outsourcing company and the outsourcing service provider. In an outsourcing relationship, the outsourcing service provider enables the outsourcer to reduce operating costs, increase quality in non core areas of business, save on effort and increase in productivity. In the early 1900s the Library of Congress began providing catalog cards to libraries. In the year 1983 OMB revised Circular A-76 to add federal libraries as one of 14 functions targeted for contracting out, or “privatization.” (Circular A-76 was the legal statement released by OMB (Office of management and Budget) for the performance of commercial activities agencies of Washington DC.)  On 31st of March 1995 Bakers & McKenzie dismissed the entire library staff at the Chicago office only for the sake of outsourcing. Although the Company announced it to be the matter of the re-institution of their law library, to bring the library more into the electronic age. And by the mid and late 1990s a number of private organisations started to outsource their library functions. Outsourcing has grown tremendously with the arrival of the computer and growth of communication technologies. In India too, libraries have for a long time now been outsourcing their functions. For instance, the Ahmedabad Textile Industries Research Association (ATIRA) has appointed ADINET (a network of libraries in and around Ahmedabad) to take care of its library’s physical verification work and rearrangement of the classification and cataloguing of accumulated books. Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research has contracted LibSys for barcoding and implementing Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) to all their documents. Even the Indian Airlines had an outside agency convert all their engineering drawing and related documents from microfilm to CD. Almost all libraries outsource their translation work to agencies like Indian National Scientific Documentation Centre (INSDOC) or to independent translators.

 What functions of a library are outsourced?

The following are some library functions that are generally outsourced:

• Cataloguing

• Classification

• Technical Processing

• Preservation

• Shelving

• Photocopying

• Binding

• Translation

• Library Automation

• Bar Coding

• Members Identity Cards

• Indexing

• Database Management

• Network Management

• Web site designing and maintenance.

 Why outsourcing

The reasons why libraries should outsource their work are given below:

• Library and Information Professional can concentrate on core activities.

• Operating and training costs can be reduced.

• Efficiency can be improved.

• Value-added services can be provided.

• Productivity can be increased in less time.

• Best quality services can be provided.

• Manpower can be saved.

• Customer satisfaction can be ensured.

• Skilled manpower can be bought at lower rates.

 Impact of outsourcing on libraries

A library could have several reasons to outsource its work. Whatever be the reason, the staff must be confided in when the library is considering outsourcing some work. There is often a temptation to outsource work in order to cut costs, but that should not be your soul reason for outsourcing. Outsourcing should be used as a strategic tool to become flexible and competitive as a company.

 Outsourcing library service

Now the libraries of private organisations and many academic libraries, emulating the business sector’s successful outsourcing venture, are outsourcing a major chunk of their non-core activities. This arrangement enables them to invest more time, money and human resources into key activities and building strategies that rejuvenate their growth. But before deciding to outsource some issues need to be addressed carefully and strategically:

• Core competencies

• Quality

• Rising Cost

• Loss of Control

 Criteria for selecting an outsourcing vendor

Before selecting an agency or company to do a job, a library has to look for the following in the company:

• Quality assurance

• Reasonable cost

• Reputation of the company/agency

• Exposure to advanced skill and technology

• Contract terms

• Privacy and Confidentiality

These checks are extremely important if the library doesn’t want poor service meted out to its patrons by the outsourced company.

 Keep watch on outsourcing provider

Apart from selecting the right vendor, to achieve the full benefits of outsourcing, libraries need to pay attention to certain factors.

These are as follows:

• Specifying requirements

• Monitoring of the operations

• Managing internal resistance

 Advantage of outsourcing

Outsourcing is the potential tool to lower overall costs and improve the quality of library services and products.

• Outsourcing leaves the library staff with more time to devote to patrons and improve services for them.

 • Outsourcing can improve production by eliminating backlogs, and cataloging material as it is received.

• Library management can concentrate more on resources, especially human resources, and on public service activities.

• Outsourcing may bring order to technical services operations that have been mismanaged, or have become non-productive.

 Disadvantage of outsourcing

Outsourcing of technical services is not suitable for every library.

• Library staff needs to monitor ongoing costs and continuously assess the value of outsourcing as costs change.

• Staff reallocations require managers to identify ways of reassigning and retraining staff as work disappears and new work is identified.

• Where all library work is outsourced, then familiarity with practice areas of firm, firm culture, partners, and associates is lost.

• No safeguards for intellectual property.

 Outsourcing and school library

Outsourcing and outsourcing in school library services are indeed very critical topics and have gained popularity recently as well as in the past. But needless to say few good school libraries have well understood the importance of outsourcing and school library services, how they complement each other.  Benefited surveys show school librarian can spend up to a third of their time managing a “doing it themselves.” However, outsourcing and school library services are a proven solution for more than 15 percent of Indian schools.

 While it may not be the answer for everyone, the outsourcing and school library activities option gives you the opportunity to free up your time and energy for your primary responsibility – educating children. The basic guiding factors behind outsourcing and school library activities are the benefits of focusing on one thing – the thing you do the best. Outsourcing and library activities can be especially helpful to schools as they consider renewing, re-bidding or canceling an existing program. They also examine the contractor’s performance, especially as it relates to their contractual commitment to the school library.

 Outsourcing can be done for cataloguing, classification, computerization, purchases products or services from an outside supplier. But in school library all works are done by the school librarian, sometime school library has a large collection of books and computers are not there at that time school library wants outsourcing. Commonly, for preparation of database to required outsourcing.  In other words, outsourcing is an organization’s contractual relationship with a specialized outside service provider for work traditionally done internally by that organization. The decision to outsource is a major strategic one for most companies because it involves weighing the potential cost saving against the consequences of a loss in control over the product or service. In my school we have twenty thousand books, and management required immediately school library automation, so that time we prepared database through outsourcing. Recently we are subscribing magazines through outsourcer.

 Outsourcing is a good proposition for libraries to inspect. Despite resistance from some quarters it is growing with the success of several outsourcing projects. If practiced properly library’s valuable resources can be directed and reengineering of library services can be achieved in its true sense. Outsourcing also opens up new avenues to entrepreneurship among the new generation of library professionals, but we also have to consider its feasibility by the number of such professionals. We should also focus our concentration towards staff–user interaction, and personal touch, otherwise the tacit knowledge inherent in the staff will remain unutilised.

 

 [Published in “Teachers Net Magazine]

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More Importance of Periodicals in School Library – An Idea

Posted by Suresh Limbachiya on 26/01/2010

Introduction

Every school library needs a healthy, colourful and knowledgeable periodicals, it is not always clear that, which titles are essential and which are not. Librarians are in an ideal position to make this assessment but they too have not always agreed. As new members saw the list for the first time they too suggested for additional periodicals. Order all the periodicals you need, including directories and other continuations, from one reliable source School librarians deal with varied and complex issues every day … and providing access to the materials needed by students and teachers in this rapidly changing, information-based society. The early 20th century saw new styles of informative magazine such as Beyond Books which included edited versions of articles and stories, and much later packaged these as part of a marketing operation that included record and book clubs.

Definition of Periodicals

 The definition of periodicals means “A periodical publication containing articles by various writers –  a periodical publication intended for general rather than learned or professional readers, and consisting of a miscellany of critical and descriptive articles, essays, works of fiction, etc by Oxford English Dictionary

Product consisting of a paperback periodic publication as a physical object; “tripped over a pile of magazines”

A magazine is a periodical publication containing a variety of articles, generally financed by advertising, purchased by readers, or both. By wikipedia.

Information regarding periodicals, including a definition, examples, and advantages to using periodicals for research and reference.

History of Periodicals

The publication of periodicals are various forms of picture books, songs, news and calendars, was common place throughout the 18th century. However, the term magazine is generally acknowledged to have come into usage with the publication in the 1730s of the Gentleman’s Magazine by Edward Cave. Its aim was to entertain with stories of crime and romance. The early magazines did not confine themselves to leisure interests but were often political or religious in content.  

Periodicals in 20th centaury

The early 20th century had seen new styles of magazine, which included edited versions of information. The end of the Second World War saw a further expansion of the periodicals status and comparative role. New titles emerged to satisfy the needs of increasingly affluent consumers who now had business and technical interests as well as expanding leisure pursuits.

Periodicals in School library

All periodicals are printed with latest knowledge. It is very closely related with school and students. Subject teachers have suggested   to students for more information related to it own subject to find out from related periodicals. Children’s level periodicals mostly kept in the school library   for   use. There are pre primary, primary and secondary school levels magazines. Most importance of magazines is to provide latest knowledge related to subject those who taught in classes. . So that most importance of magazines are for school library for access   latest information

Type of periodicals

Now days   there are various types of magazine are available in the market but which one is most useful and important for us. Particular schools children are more and more go to library and refer the magazine therefore colourful magazine are important in school. The full text for many periodicals is available for school level. Students read more and more and update own knowledge through periodical is must.

Children magazines are more required for school library. Today mostly students define its goal through magazines. They choose themselves that, what do   they become?General knowledge, science and technology, language as well as particular periodicals are subscribed on library. And give more priority to level of students as we as related to curriculums. If subject teacher are refer particular magazine for particular lesson and children come in library and refer same magazine therefore give more advantage to curriculums, students and knowledge.

Relation between periodicals &  school syllabus

The fact that magazines are delivered to library month makes them perfect for unit study work in school. Among those schools who use the unit study method of education as well as syllabus. They units often last one month. Adding in other resources from the periodicals. Library sites are a great way to enforce the lessons taught in the magazine. For example: In class 3rd, there are lesson about Rani Laxmibai, Teacher also indicates to students to refer magazine as Bal Bharti , teachers suggest students to go to  library and read more about Rani Laxmibai. So first it is gate way open for students and get latest knowledge about particular topic which is in indicate by subject teacher. Relation between magazine and school curricular is must so that periodicals are very useful source for students. Particular use of magazine is most importance so that make aware to all students for related magazines

Periodicals on Web

 21st centaury is fully called centaury of computer. So that’s advantage of computer is very helpful to us. Today on web there are so many periodicals and magazines are freely accessible. i.e. http://www.doaj.org,   http://www.onlinemag.net etc. Those open access periodicals are very useful to alls, because it’s totally free access, which have net provision.

Online reading magazines and downloadable magazine are category for periodicals. Online periodical provide better and immediate information based knowledge some same information are not rightly truly but we can believe them. Web based information indicate more and more reference sources.

Recently I have best experience about web based information, we are  searching  about Swami Dayanand , there are so many site file find out by Google, but there are 20 % sites have  provided wrong information about birth palace of swami Dayanand Saraswati. Means, free information some times give wrong direction.

Increase of knowledge through periodicals

What readers bring to the printed page affects their knowledge.  Some insists that, the prior knowledge of readers is the single most important component in the reading process.

  1. Brainstorming.
  2. Hand made magazine.
  3. Picture cutting activities.
  4. Search information.
  5. Index Making.

During the period, teachers ask students to examine together the title of the selection they are about to read.  The teacher lists on the board all the information that comes to mind as students read the periodicals. These pieces of information are then used to further recall, and in the process considerable knowledge will be activated.

Use of periodicals

When students have a purpose for reading periodicals, they find that purpose not only directs their reading towards a goal, but helps to focus their attention and knowledge based information.  Purposes may come from teacher directed questions, questions from class discussions or brainstorming, or from the individual student.  Along with the question, it is a good idea to pose predictions of the outcome and problems which need to be solved from the reading of magazines.  These may be generated by the student or the teacher, but the teacher should use these to guide students in the needed direction for the assigned and increase interest for selection of magazines. Provide current, accurate, authoritative information often before it appears in book form and excellent source for syllabus. Present information in an accessible and appealing format, may be accessible through a print, electronic or online indexing service.

 

Library activity through Periodicals

Build on What They Already Know: Question students as to what they already know regarding the assigned selection.  Expand on the terms and information they already understood.  Elicit a large number of associations from the students to the prior knowledge they already possess and help them to see the connections. Increase Background Information: Increase the amount of background information by providing more in-depth ideas regarding the topic.  This will help the students understand the selection at a higher level.   Real-Life Experiences: Actual experience, Think critically – ask questions. Are ideas and examples clear? Could you explain it to others? Understand the concepts in headings, sub headings, figures, titles etc.

Conclusion

The school library is a provider of information resources selected to meet the curriculum and information needs of the school. Periodicals include all publications issued at regular intervals such as magazines, journals and newspapers, and are an essential component of a school library collection.  They are relevant to curriculum topics, are a valuable resource for students’ recreational reading, and provide professional reading for teachers. (Published in “Teachers Net” Magazine)

 

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